A field visit to the Iraqi reform office/comprehensive care
which in turn has the responsibility for guiding inmates and improving their qualifications, and rehabilitate and training them in order to be integrated once again with the society after the end of their sentences. A meeting has been arranged with the assistant of director general of the comprehensive care affairs Mr. Raed Gadir and those who work in the specialized sections to manage the departments (raining, rehabilitation, social search, public health) and viewed the tasks of every department.
Tasks of department of training, rehabilitation and operation
1. Training the inmates about jobs and crafts that suit their ability.
2. Working on the use of the professional inmates who have the required qualifications.
3. Coordinating with the sides that responsible for educating, rehabilitating and training the inmates.
4. Encouraging the inmates to keep working.
5. Get the inmates working on for certain wages according to their abilities, qualifications inside prisons, besides keeping up with the competent authorities.
Tasks of public health department
1. Keeping up with the health affairs for both of inmates and suspenders and healing those who addicted.
2. Having the possible arrangements to avoid the spreading of infectious diseases.
3. Keeping up with the mental health cases of the inmates and suspenders and contributing to heal them.
4. Taking care of the employees of prisons.
5. Monitoring the quality of food that prepared to the inmates including nutritional value and hygiene.
6. Monitoring the quality of clothes that set up to the inmates.
7. Conduct a health check for inmates and open a heath file for every inmate.
8. The contribution to the improvement of inmate’s behavior according to intact health rules.
9. The contribution to create a healthy environment inside the prison in order to prevent the prevalence of diseases among the inmates and the workers.
10. Conduct a periodic check to the inmates, concerning the infectious diseases.
11. The contribution of vaccinating the inmates to protect them form the infectious diseases.
12. The cooperation with the competent authorities in order to combat the insects and rodents inside the prison.
13. Monitoring the supplying of potable water.
Tasks of social research department
1. Coordinating with the competent authorities in order to overcome with the problems and difficulties that face the inmates.
2. Observing the condition of inmates who are going to be released (6) months before the end of duration of sentence, and standing up upon their reform and adaptation with the society to motivate them to get to work in order to prevent them from returning to crime.
3. Introducing a periodic report (monthly/quarterly/annual) concerning paras (1/2) of department’s tasks.
4. Sorting the names of inmates who are in need of care and presenting monthly menus to those who supposed to leave within (3) days and sending them with files of subsequent care to the governorate where the inmate lives.
5. Keeping up with the affairs of those who have been released throughout the period of subsequent care limited to (6) months and helping them to overcome with obstacles and having their problems solved in order to integrate them with society to prevent them from returning to crime.
6. Coordinating with state’s departments and civil society organizations in order to help with the execution of subsequent care programs in a best way.
7. Prepare researches and scientific and field studies in the reform field and held an annual symposium to be discussed.
8. Working on the evaluation of the behavior of inmates to prevent degeneration and criminal disputes, and put on curriculum in coordination with the departments of social reform to get the inmates educated according to national and religious foundations.
The most important obstacles
1. There is a great lack of researchers in the reform departments because there are no vacancies for new staff, besides giving the existing researchers many tasks that do not suit them.
2. There is a noticeable lack concerning devices and workshops and some industries that exist in the reform departments that have to be rehabilitated and activated.
3. The lack of financial support granted to the reform office and supporting it’s reform projects to reintegrate inmates with society after their release in the future.
4. The unavailability of legal authority to activate the role of inmates because there’s a lack concerning this act.
1. Forming higher committee to manage the industrial file of the reform office to put on solutions to manage and facilitate the obstacles that may disagree with the supplying, preparation, introduction and contribution to reach the benefits of the office and rehabilitate and train the inmates.
2. Increasing the number of researchers to compensate the lack that exist in the management of files of subsequent care.
3. Directing a letter of thanks to the assistant of director general of subsequent care affairs for the great efforts in managing the files.